Overall, what was signed on September 4 in the Oval Office was clearly intended to serve Trump`s re-election in the short term and did not reflect any long-term commitment from the White House to advance the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue. The Trump administration hailed the agreement as ”historic” and a ”major breakthrough” – it`s in fact neither historic nor a breakthrough. The ”deal” is based on erroneous logic and will not carry much water after the November elections, regardless of the results. If Washington is truly committed to promoting the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue, it should cooperate closely with the EU and, as Edward Joseph, a foreign policy expert in the Balkans at Johns Hopkins, the four NATO and EU members who do not recognise Kosovo (Greece, Romania, Slovakia and Spain) briefly points out. Such a move would pave the way for Kosovo`s accession to NATO (since Pristina`s accession to the UN is not possible because of the Chinese and Russian veto in the Security Council), would create a level playing field for the conduct of negotiations with Belgrade, as the current field is highly distorted in favour of the latter and would ultimately pave the way for a comprehensive political agreement between the two neighbours. What Belgrade and Pristina have aimed at is not so much an agreement as a set of principles that must be developed before they can be implemented, and the development can be as contested as the agreement itself. Implementation of the agreement requires both countries to amend the legislation. One or the other may have to change its constitutions. Issues must be dealt with publicly, Members will have to take a stand. Early signs are not encouraging. The Kosovo Assembly approved the agreement after a stormy late-night session with furious denunciations from the opposition ”Self-determination” party, whose supporters rallied outside the legislative branch.
The Serbian parliament refused to vote on the agreement itself, saying it would be recognition of Kosovo; Instead, he approved the government`s report on the negotiations. Previous technical agreements between the two parties are being appealed to the Constitutional Court of Serbia on the grounds that the government has improperly amended regulatory issues that must be governed by law. Despite historical tensions, Serbia and Kosovo have taken courageous steps to normalize their economic relations. On 4 September, the two countries signed agreements negotiated by the United States to conclude cooperation commitments on a wide range of economic issues. The framework of the signed agreements also includes mutual recognition of Israel and Kosovo and the transfer of the Serbian Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem within one year. President Donald Trump`s administration has also prepared the so-called Abraham Agreement, which has led to mutual recognition and the establishment of diplomatic relations between Israel and two Arab nations – the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates) and Bahrain. They stressed the need to encourage efforts to promote interfaith and intercultural dialogue to promote the culture of peace between three religions of Abraham and humanity as a whole. The signatories stressed that they believed that cooperation and dialogue could be addressed in the best possible way and that the development of friendly relations between States promoted the interests of lasting peace in the Middle East and around the world. There are only two sure things about the agreement, both are very important and neither is set out somewhere in its text. The first is that the Serbian government has given up on keeping northern Kosovo in its system and has ceded its authority to Pristina.