In recent years, the Egyptian and Sudanese monopoly on water resources has contributed to exacerbating regional tensions. The signing of various agreements during the colonial period allowed this distribution; The two main agreements were signed between Egypt and Great Britain (1929) and Egypt and Sudan (1959). Increased cooperation between upstream countries has led to the binding agreement that restructures the allocations and control of Nile resources. Geopolitical changes in the region have led to an increase in upstream developments, including dams and irrigation systems. These developments are often faced with threats from Egypt, which is greatly protected from its decreasing share in the Nile water. However, Egypt must engage in peaceful cooperation between states to ensure its water supply. The Nile faces an uncertain, developing and environmental future. Alternative sources of water in the form of desalination, aquifers and other such solutions must be easily found in order to reduce the region`s dependence on the river. According to the World Bank, the NBTF provides funds to the NBI, which then carries out project activities, almost all (95%) Project activities are carried out by the recipient. The NBTF supports the implementation of the UDC and partial investment programs in ENSAP and NELSAP. Given that progress has been made in implementing the program and creating a permanent institutional framework for the NBI, the goal is to transfer the NBTF to an NBI institution. Somaliland participates Nile-river solutions the agricultural lands are not calculated for water, but are for irrigation and drainage improvements, the WUAs should be responsible for the payment, as it would produce a group responsibility of all members.
Water and soil quality monitoring should be left to SEAs and notified to field supervisors, who then report to the Water resources and irrigation authority (MWRI). As the effort to produce clean water will be topical, the steps that can be taken as short-term results are: tapping into flat wells for drinking water from fields and unfed canals; As the soil acts as a filter, it can remove impurities. Advice to farmers on the development of irrigation systems should be taken into account for optimal performance. (IWMI, 2006) It is recommended that the public safely treat food methods, use manure and mulch residues, reduce soil work and rotating crops that do not need the same nutrients to improve soil, water quality, and move to short-term crops to reduce water consumption. The correct use of recycled drainage water during a crop growth cycle is optimal.