Instead of investing all its energy and capabilities in its long-standing quest for special treatment within the regime, Turkey must instead prepare and build an institutional capacity to implement the Paris Agreement. By ratification, Turkey has yet to become one of the contracting parties, but as soon as it joins, Turkey will have difficulty respecting the commitment and revision process, which is an integral part of the Paris Agreement. In addition to implementing and communicating THE INDC on the basis of its commitments and review approach, the agreement also establishes a strong and comprehensive transparency framework, which builds on the existing UNFCCC monitoring, reporting and verification mechanisms and strengthens them so that the parties are more accountable. Turkey needs to strengthen its institutional capacity to ensure compliance with reporting and verification obligations. Although Turkey`s overall reporting record has improved considerably since its first accession to the UNFCCC in 2004, it has been weak, particularly with regard to delays in the submission of national reports. More importantly, these reports were criticized during the review process for not complying with UNFCCC reporting guidelines. The technical expert report of Turkey`s sixth national communication is a recent example. Footnote 7 Turkey has been criticized on several fronts, including a lack of clear definitions, a lack of transparency about the assumptions underlying emission trajectories and macroeconomic scenarios and, as has already been said, non-compliance with the reporting guidelines. In addition, some sector data are not provided in these reports for privacy reasons. As in previous review reports, the audit team recommended that Turkey increase transparency and present ”applied assumptions.” Footnote 8 Similar criticisms and recommendations can also be observed when reviewing Turkey`s first and second joint semi-annual reports. Footnote 9 One of the main reasons for Turkey`s weak reporting record is its late participation in the climate regime. In this context, staying outside the Paris Agreement would also lead to a delay in the establishment of an improved monitoring and reporting structure to meet the more stringent reporting and verification requirements.
One of the key issues of this forum is Turkey`s place in global climate policy and policy. In this article, I will try to answer the question of whether Turkey`s ”special circumstances” remain valid under the new climate regime after the Paris Agreement comes into force. The answer to that question is yes and no. Yes, because, from a legal point of view, Turkey`s ”special circumstances” have been recognized by a decision of the Conference of the Parties (COP), and Turkey will continue to use them in the years to come. However, the real impact of this particular status is politically uncertain, if not zero, given the new provisions of the Paris Agreement. A closer look at the new type of climate change cooperation enshrined in the agreement will help explain why Turkey`s ”special” circumstances may not be politically applicable. In signing the agreement, Turkish regional representatives pledged to significantly reduce their emissions and adapt the transport, building renovation, energy supply and agriculture sectors to the former.